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at first only complicated, and was not organized. Batteries were heavy and so had been
stowed in the hold. Medical supplies, particularly useful in scaling beaches, were not
available at that crucial time. Guns, gun-sights and ammunition were all stowed in different
parts of the ship. Only when the army got organized did it become complex, whereupon guns
and gunners could aim and fire efficiently. As a complex structure it met with success
(Atkinson, 2002). Much as the Allied Force might on its first arrival be mistaken as complex,
Allen had mistaken mere complicatedness for complexity in his contrived vegetation.
Allen’s plants were grown in fast and slow wind as a treatment, which allowed the
plants in slow wind to grow taller. As a result, when they were mixed, the plants grown in
slow wind were tall and so in the canopy. Meanwhile, plants grown in fast wind were short
and so in the understory, out of the wind. The diversity of types (slow and fast wind reared)
was only a sum, not an organization into a complex relationship. The measurements were
valid, but their significance was misunderstood. In a new experiment the vegetation was
arranged as in nature. Taller plants grown in fast wind were in the canopy, while shorter
plants grown in low wind were in the understory. This more natural vegetation was cooler.
The new contrived vegetation was indeed complex and was working harder. The model
challenged and improved the narrative by forcing the distinction between complicated and
[insert Figure 6]
Figure 14.6
Rosen (1991) modeling relation. Drafted by Joyce VanDerWater.
Rosen’s (1991) modeling relation, in Figure 14.6, illustrates how narrative is used in science.
A formal model is a set of scaling equations, making the model scale-independent. Two
material systems encoded and decoded into and out of the formal model become analog
models of each other. Narrative sits above to unite the relation as a representation of a
compression. The narrative encompasses the whole relation. Narratives are representations of
a compression. The compression is down to only that which occurs in between “Once upon a
time” and “They all lived happily ever after.” Also part of narrative compression is to
squeeze down to only that which is significant enough in the whole chronology to be
Using Lattices to Explore Narratives and Models
In a series of two-by-two tables, our research group identified a complicated relationship
between models and narratives, showing a deeper message in what Zellmer et al. (2006) had
achieved. The first table looked at one-to-many and many-to-many relationships with regard