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more easily seen as an update that requires going round the whole left-hand cycle in the

Zellmer diagrams. Starting at the realization end of the cycle, the realization influences the

essence, which in turn generates a new updated and refined realization. The realization is a

model of the generalized narrative of the essence. The trip is around the cycle of realization

from level n back to level n. The other update is of the essence from the top of that cycle to a

new essence. The journey is from level n+1 back to level n+1. The essence creates a

realization that then influences and updates the essence, perhaps through natural selection.

Change may take the form of evolution. Notice that the Presidency is continuously changing

as the incumbent influences public attitudes.

If we wish we can see changes in the observer space in terms of the whole cycle, but

it is more a cobbling together of parts, as opposed to the obvious full cycle of n to n and n+1

to n+1. There is a critical difference between what is seen on the side of the observer as

opposed to the side of the other. On the side of the observer we see structures, whereas on the

side of the other we detect changes of state embodied in the behavior of structures. That

explains the depiction of half cycles in the realm of the observer, as opposed to the depiction

of full cycles on the side of the other in Figure 14.9. We find that we can unite the two-by-

two matrices with the two Zellmer cycles.

[insert Figure 9]

Showing how the derived matrix of Figure 14.8 maps onto the cycles of

the Zellmer cycles. The diagonals of the matrix map onto the two cycles, one in the

observer realm and a second in the realm of the other. Change on the two sides is

different. In the observer’s realm experiments give results separately from the results

generating a new experiment. But on the side of the other updates are of realizations

being refined, and undefinable essences being updated.

The derived matrix of Figure 14.8 maps onto the cycles in the Zellmer cycle diagrams of

Figure 14.2. In Figure 14.8 we can relabel the arrows on the Zellmer cycles informed by the

matrices both in relation to metaphor and analogy as well as narrative and models. Figure

14.10a labels the processes of updating on both sides, going round the whole respective

cycle. Change in the other involves the whole cycle of updating, either realizations getting

refined (through evolution) or evolution changing the general condition. The arrows on

Figure 14.10a in the realm of the observer have squared shoulders to indicate that the process

of updating a model is discrete. In evolution under artificial selection, change is seen as more

discrete than in natural selection, but with the involvement of human goals and sentience, it is

no surprise that domestication appears more discrete.

The whole cycles can still be broken down to separate steps, and all the rest of the

panels in Figure 14.10 do that. There is a series of new labels applied to Figures 14.10b–

14.10g. Each one captures a different facet of the matrices in Figure 14.8. In Figure 14.10b

we see the generalization of Figure 14.2 that referred to dogs and dogginess, but Figure

14.10b indicates the general process going on in the special case of dogs. In Figure 14.10c we

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