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“critical thinking.” Students also learn about “discernment,” which is defined as
“understanding the deeper reasons why things happen.”
Responsive Ed was founded by Donald Howard, who had also founded ACE.
Raymond Moore, one of Responsive Ed’s earliest principals (at that time Responsive Ed was
known as Eagle Charter Schools), explained that while Responsive Ed “took the Christian
vernacular out” of ACE curriculum, they still “put in character traits that reflect our values.”
He also noted that “almost everyone in the management has been in the ministry.”
Howard expressed this same sentiment about his charter schools in an interview with
Wall Street Journal
in 1998, saying, “Take the Ten Commandments – you can rework
those as ‘success principles’ by rewording them. We will call it truth, we will call it
principles, we will call it values. We will not call it religion.”
Peirce, in his lecture “First Rule of Logic” (1899), questioned what we thought we knew.
“Do not block the way of inquiry,” he said, putting forth four offenses that we commit when
we reason:
We make an absolute assertion that we’re right.
We believe that something isn’t knowable, because we don’t have the
techniques or technologies to figure it out.
We insist that some element of science is utterly inexplicable and unknowable.
We believe that some law or truth is in its final and perfect state.